Toyhead Auto Restoration
in Parts, Products and Accessories for Toyotas.
Rebuilding Toyota Celica 6.7 inch
Rear Differentials 1971 to 1985 With Solid Rear Axles
And Toyota Corolla 1983-85 AE86.
This our experience from
rebuilding and setting up Toyota 6.7 rears differentials.
If the ring gear and pinon gears are good and to be reused.
I measure the gear lash (play between the gears) before
taking it apart with a dial Indicator. And make sure I
set it up with the same gear lash when I re-assemble it. The
gear lash is adjusted by the round outer threaded collars
with the holes in them (Looks like a banjo guitar) that hold
the carrier (ring gear) bearings in place.
Upon reassembly, once the ring gear mounting bolts Are
torque to specs (66.5 to 76 ft.-lb.). You should have
ring gear locking plates under them, to be peened
(bent) over the bolt heads to keep them from coming loose.
If the ring gear is new you have to set it up and check it
using marking compound to make sure the pinion gear is
hitting In the center (middle) face
of the ring gear teeth. If the pinion gear does not hit
correct it may have to be adjusted with a shim (washer)
thinner or thicker under the pinion gear base (neck). Or
possibly with the correct adjustment from the main carrier
bearing adjusting collar/rings. Whatever it takes to have
the gears mesh together correctly.
For the pinon gear. There is a crush
washer (collapsible sleeve/ spacer) used on the pinion
gear shaft, that helps set the bearing pre-load.
Once assembled. The pinion nut must be torqued initially (to
80 ft.-lb.) to start the set up of and adjustment of the
bearing pre-load proceedure. The bearing pre-load should be
to about 9 to 13 lb. with new bearings, and 5 to 8 lb. for
used bearings. Pre-load is measured by wrapping a string
(attached to a fish weighing type scale) around the pinion
flange and pulling it to spin as you note the pound reading
on the scale. If less you have to torque it a little more
and check it. Warning:
If you have too much pre-load you have to take it part and
use a new
crush washer and start over again.
Maximum tightening torque for the pinion nut is 173 ft.-lb.
Do not go over this.
Once the pinion bearing preload has been set. The pinion nut
must be peened (bent) over to prevent it from coming loose
Other rear differential torque wrench specifications.
Bearing cap set bolts 50.6 to 65 ft.-lb.
Differential carrier to casting nuts (10 nuts) 27 ft.-lb.
Drain plug 30 pounds filler plug 23 ft.-lb.
Break backing plates/retainer plate bolts 36 ft.-lb.
By Rick Dormoi